边锋游戏

噪音的危害

2018-05-17  来自: 洛阳新美环境技术有限公司 浏览次数:556

对人体的危害是全身性的,既可以引起听觉系统的变化,也可以对非听觉系统产生影响。这些影响的早期主要是生理性改变,长期接触比较强烈的噪声,可以引起病理性改变。此外,作业场所中的噪声还可以干扰语言交流,影响工作效率,甚至引起意外事故。

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噪声对听觉系统的影响

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(1)ZANSHIXINGTINGYUWEIYI。ZANSHIXINGTINGYUWEIYISHIZHIRENHUODONGWUJIECHUZAOSHENGHOUYINQIZANSHIXINGDETINGYUBIANHUA,TUOLIZAOSHENGHUANJINGHOUJINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANTINGLIKEHUIFUDAOYUANLAISHUIPING。

边锋游戏①TINGJUESHIYING:DUANSHIJIANBAOLUZAIQIANGLIEZAOSHENGHUANJINGZHONG,GANJUESHENGYINCIER、BUSHI,TINGZHIJIECHUHOU,TINGJUEQIGUANMINGANXINGXIAJIANG,TUOLIJIECHUHOUDUIWAIJIEDESHENGYINYOU“XIAO”HUO“YUAN”DEGANJUE,TINGLIJIANCHATINGYUKETIGAO10~15dB,LIKAIZAOSHENGHUANJING1minZHINEIKEYIHUIFU,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGCHENGWEITINGJUESHIYING。

②TINGJUEPILAO:JIAOZHANGSHIJIANCHIXUBAOLUYUQIANGZAOSHENGHUANJINGHUODUOCIJIESHOUMAICHONGZAOSHENG,YINQITINGLIMINGXIANXIAJIANG,LIKAIZAOSHENGHUANJINGHOU,TINGYUTIGAOCHAOGUO15~30dB,XUYAOSHUXIAOSHISHENZHISHUSHIXIAOSHITINGLICAINENGHUIFU,CHENGWEITINGJUEPILAO。YIBANZAISHIJIXIAOSHINEIKEYIWANQUANHUIFUDESHUYUSHENGLIXINGTINGJUEPILAO。ZAISHIJIGONGZUOZHONGCHANGYI16hWEIXIAN,JIZAITUOLIJIECHUHOUDAODIERTIANSHANGBANQIANDESHIJIANJIANGE,ZAICIQIJIANNEIHUIFUZHIZHENGCHANGSHUIPING。SUIZHEJIECHUZAOSHENGDESHIJIANJIXUYANZHANG,RUGUOQIANYICIJIECHUYINQIDETINGLIBIANHUAWEINENGWANQUANHUIFUYOUZAICIJIECHU,KESHITINGJUEPILAOZHUJIANJIAZHONG,ZUIZHONGTINGLIBUNENGHUIFUERBIANWEIYONGJIUXINGTINGYUWEIYI。TINGJUESHIYINGHETINGJUEPILAOJUNSHUYUKENIXINGTINGLISUNSHANG,KEYIBEISHIWEISHENGLIXINGBAOHUXIAOYING。TINGJUESHIYINGHETINGJUEPILAOFASHENGSHI,TINGLIXIAJIANG,NENGTINGDAOSHENGXIANGDEYUZHITIGAO,CONGERJIANQINGZAOSHENGDESHANGHAI。

(2)YONGJIUXINGTINGYUWEIYI。YONGJIUXINGTINGYUWEIYIZHIZAOSHENGHUOQITAYOUHAIYINSUDAOZHIDETINGYUSHENGGAO,BUNENGHUIFUDAOYUANYOUSHUIPING。CHUXIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGSHITINGJUEQIGUANJUYOUQIZHIXINGDEBIANHUA。YONGJIUXINGTINGYUWEIYIYOUKEFENWEITINGLISUNSHI、ZAOSHENGXINGERLONGYIJIBAOZHENXINGSHENGSUNSHANG。

①TINGLISUNSHI:SHIZHIZHANGQICHUYUCHAOGUOTINGLIBAOHUBIAOZHUNDEHUANJINGZHONG[>85~90dB(A)],TINGJUEPILAONANYIHUIFU,CHIXULEIJIZUOYONGDEJIEGUO,KESHITINGYUYOUSHENGLIXINGYIXINGZHIBUKEHUIFUDEBINGLIGUOCHENG。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIGAOPIN(3000Hz、4000Hz、6000Hz)RENYIPINDUANCHUXIANYONGJIUXINGTINGYUWEIYIDAYU30dB,DANWUYUYANTINGLIZHANGAI,YOUCHENGGAOPINTINGLISUNSHI。GAOPINTINGLISUNSHI(TEBIESHIZAI3000~6000Hz)KEZUOWEIZAOSHENGXINGERLONGDEZAOQIZHIBIAO。

②ZAOSHENGXINGERLONG:DANGGAOPINTINGLISUNSHIKUOZHANZHIYUYANPINLVSANPINDUAN(500Hz、1000Hz、2000Hz),ZAOCHENGPINGJUNTINGYUWEIYIDAYU25dB,BANYOUZHUGUANTINGLIZHANGAIGAN,CHENGZAOSHENGXINGERLONG。BINGQIEZAI4000HzCHUYOUYITINGLITURANXIAJIANGDETINGGUCUNZAI。ZAOSHENGXINGERLONGSHIYOUYUZHANGQIZAOSHOUZAOSHENGCIJISUOYINQIDEYIZHONGHUANMANXING、JINXINGXINGDEGANYINSHENJINGXINGERLONG。

③BAOZHENXINGERLONG:YOUCHENGBAOZHENXINGSHENGSUNSHANG。SHIZAIYICIQIANGZAOSHENGZUOYONGXIAZAOCHENGDETINGLISUNSHANG,RUBAOPOZUOYE、HUOQIFASHEHUOQITATURANFASHENGDEJUXIANGSUOXINGCHENGDEQIANGMAICHONGZAOSHENGHERUOCHONGJIBODEFUHEZUOYONG,SHIWAIERDAOQIYASHUNJIANDADAOFENGZHI,QIANGDADEYAQIANGKESHIGUMOCHONGXUE、CHUXUEHUOCHUANKONG,YANZHONGSHIKEZHITINGGULIANGUZHE。SHUNJIANGAOYACHUANRUNEIER,ZAOCHENGNEILINBAQIANGLIEZHENDANGZHIJIDIMOSUNSHANG、CHUXIANTINGLIZHANGAI,BINGKEYOUYUQIANTINGSHOUDAOCIJIERBANYOUXUANYUN、EXIN、OUTUDENGZHENGZHUANG。CISHISHENGLIBAOHUJIEGOUSUOQIDEFANYINGYIJINGWANQUANBUQIZUOYONG,YINCIBIXUJIAQIANGTINGJUEQIGUANDEGETIFANGHU。

(3)ERWOXINGTAIXUEDEGAIBIAN。ZAOSHENGYINQIDETINGJUEXITONGSUNSHANGSHIWULI(JIXIELIXUE)、SHENGLI、SHENGHUA、DAIXIEDENGDUOYINSUGONGTONGZUOYONGDEJIEGUO。ZAIZHEIXIEYINSUDEGONGTONGZUOYONGXIA,KESHITINGMAOXIBAOSHOUSUNSHANG,YANZHONGSHICortiQI(KETISHIQI)QUANBUXIAOSHIHUOPOHUAI。SUNSHANGBUWEICHANGFASHENGZAIJULUANYUANCHUANG9~13mmCHU。 

噪声对其他系统的影响

边锋游戏(1)DUISHENJINGXITONGDEYINGXIANG。ZAOSHENGDUISHENJINGXITONGDEYINGXIANGYUZAOSHENGDEXINGZHI、QIANGDUHEJIECHUSHIJIANYOUGUAN。ZAOSHENGFANFUZHANGSHIJIANDECIJI,CHAOGUOSHENGLICHENGSHOUNENGLI,JIUHUIDUIZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGZAOCHENGSUNHAI,SHINAOPICENGXINGFENYUYIZHIPINGHENGSHIDIAO,DAOZHITIAOJIANFANSHEDEYICHANG,SHINAOXUEGUANGONGNENGWENLUAN,NAODIANWEIGAIBIAN,CONGERCHANSHENGSHENJINGSHUAIRUOZONGHEZHENG,KECHUXIANTOUTONG、TOUHUN、ERMING、YIPIJUANYIJISHUIMIANBULIANGDENGBIAOXIAN,HAIKEYIYINQIBAOLUZHEJIYILI、SIKAOLI、XUEXINENGLI、YUEDUNENGLIJIANGDIDENGSHENJINGXINGWEIXIAOYING。ZAIQIANGSHENGCIJIXIAKEYINQIJIAOGANSHENJINGJINZHANG,YINQIHUXIHEMAIBOJIAKUAI、PIFUXUEGUANSHOUSUO、XUEYASHENGGAO、FALENG、CHUHAN、XINLVBUQI、WEIYEFENMIJIANSHAO、YIZHIWEICHANGYUNDONG、YINGXIANGSHIYU。

边锋游戏(2)DUINEIFENMIXITONGDEYINGXIANG。ZAOSHENGKETONGGUOXIAQIUNAO-CHUITIXITONG,CUSHICUSHENSHANGXIANPIZHIJISU、SHENSHANGXIANPIZHIJISU、XINGXIANJISUYIJICUJIAZHUANGXIANJISUDENGFENMIDEZENGJIA,CONGERYINQIYIXILIEDESHENGHUAGAIBIAN。

边锋游戏(3)DUIXINXUEGUANXITONGDEYINGXIANG。ZAOSHENGDUIXINXUEGUANXITONGDEYINGXIANGZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIJIAOGANSHENJINGXINGFEN,XINLV、MAIBOJIAKUAI,ZAOSHENGYUEQIANG,FANYINGYEYUEQIANGLIE,DAOZHIXINSHUCHULIANGXIANZHUZENGJIA,SHOUSUOYAYOUMOUZHONGCHENGDUDESHENGGAO。DANSUIZAOSHENGZUOYONGSHIJIANDEYANZHANG,JITIZHEIZHONG“YINGJI”FANYINGZHUJIANJIANRUO,JIERCHUXIANYIZHI,XINLV、MAIBOJIANHUAN,XINSHUCHULIANGJIANSHAO,SHOUSUOYAXIAJIANG。YIBANRENWEI,XINXUEGUANXITONGGAIBIANDECHENGDUYUZAOSHENGDEXINGZHI、CANSHUYIJIJIECHUSHIJIANDEZHANGDUANYOUGUAN。

边锋游戏(4)DUISHIJUEQIGUANDEYINGXIANG。ZAOSHENGDUISHIJUEQIGUANHUIZAOCHENGBULIANGYINGXIANG。ZAIGAOZAOSHENGHUANJINGXIAGONGZUODEGONGRENCHANGZHUSUYANTONG、SHILIJIANTUI、YANHUADENG。ZAOSHENGYUZHENDONGHAINENGYINQIYANJINGDUIYUNDONGWUTIDEDUICHENGPINGHENGFANYINGSHILING,QIYUANYINSHIYOUYUZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGZAIZAOSHENGCIJIXIACHANSHENGYIZHIZUOYONGHOUDEJIEGUO。YIBANLAISHUO,ZAOSHENGQIANGDUYUEDA,SHILIQINGXIDUWENDINGXINGYUECHA。YOUYUSHILIQINGXIDUJIANGDI,HUISHILAODONGSHENGCHANLVXIAJIANG。TONGSHI,ZAOSHENGHAIHUISHISEJUE、SHIYEFASHENGYICHANG,DIAOCHAFAXIANZAOSHENGDUIHONG、LAN、BAISANSESHIYESUOXIAO80%。

(5)对消化系统的影响。在噪声的长期作用下,可引起胃肠功能紊乱,表现为食欲不振、恶心、消瘦、胃液分泌减少、胃蠕动无力、胃排空减慢等。blob.png

噪声的非特异性效应

边锋游戏(1)DUISHUIMIAN、XIUXIDEGANRAO。ZAOSHENGHUIYINGXIANGRENDESHUIMIANZHILIANG,QIANGLIEDEZAOSHENGSHENZHISHIRENWUFARUSHUI,XINFANYILUANHUOSHIRENDUOMENG、JINGXING,ERLAONIANRENHEBINGRENDUIZAOSHENGDEGANRAOGENGWEIMINGAN。

(2)DUIXINLIDEYINGXIANG。ZAOSHENGYINQIDEXINLIYINGXIANGZHUYAOSHIFANNAO,SHIRENJIDONG、YINU,SHENZHISHIQULIZHI。ZAOSHENGYERONGYISHIRENPILAO,YINCIWANGWANGHUIYINGXIANGJINGLIJIZHONGHEGONGZUOXIAOLV,YOUQISHIDUIYIXIEZUOFEIZHONGFUXINGDONGZUODELAODONGZHE,YINGXIANGGENGWEIMINGXIAN。ZAOSHENGDEYANBIXIAOYING,WANGWANGYANGAIYIXIEWEIXIANXINHAODESHENGXIANGSHIJING,GUCHAONAODESHIGONGQUYUHUOSHENGCHANCHANGSUOYICHUXIANGONGSHANGSHIGU。

(3)ZAOSHENGDUITAIERHEERTONGDEYINGXIANG。YANJIUBIAOMING,ZAOSHENGHUISHIMUQINCHANSHENGJINZHANGFANYING,YINQIZIGONGXUEGUANSHOUSUO,YIZHIYINGXIANGGONGJITAIERFAYUSUOBIXUDEYANGLIAOHEYANGQI。ZAOSHENGHAIYINGXIANGTAIERDETIZHONG。CIWAI,YINERTONGFAYUSHANGWEICHENGSHU,GEZUZHIQIGUANSHIFENJIAONENHECUIRUO,BULUNSHITINEIDETAIERHAISHIGANGCHUSHIDEYINGER,ZAOSHENGJUNKESUNSHANGTINGJUEQIGUAN,SHITINGLIJIANTUIHUOSANGSHI。ZAOSHENGHAIHUIYINGXIANGSHAONIANERTONGDEZHILIFAYU,YOUDIAOCHAXIANSHI,CHAONAOHUANJINGXIAERTONGZHILIFAYUBIANJINGHUANJINGZHONGDEDI20%。

(4)DUINVXINGDEJIANKANGYINGXIANG。ZAOSHENGDUINVXINGDEYUEJINGJINENGHUICHANSHENGYINGXIANG,CHANGBIAOXIANWEIZHOUQIYICHANG(ZHOUQIBUGUILV),JINGQIYANZHANG,XUELIANGYICHANG(XUELIANGZENGDUOZHEDUOYUXUELIANGJIANSHAO),TONGJINGDENG。DANGNVXINGJIECHUGAOQIANGDUZAOSHENG,TEBIESHIJIECHU100dBYISHANGQIANGDUZAOSHENGSHI,QIRENSHENGAOXUEYAZONGHEZHENGFABINGLVKEMINGXIANZENGGAO。YUNFUZHANGQIJIECHUZAOSHENG,SHENGCHUDITIZHONGERFASHENGLVZENGJIA,DUISHENJINGXITONGXIANTIANJIXINGKENENGYEYOUQINGDUYINGXIANG。


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